Current Thoracic Surgery 2020 , Vol 5 , Issue 2
Impact of weather conditions and blood groups on primary spontaneous pneumothorax
Tuba Sahinoglu1,Ozgur Katrancioglu2
1Department of Thoracic Surgery, Konya Numune State Hospital, Konya
2Department of Thoracic Surgery, Cumhuriyet University School of Medicine, Sivas, Turkey
DOI : 10.26663/cts.2020.00013 Viewed : 511 - Downloaded : 311 Background: Primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) is a clinical condition with an unclear etiology that occurs because of the rupture of pleural bulla or blebs. Several studies indicating the impact of weather conditions on PSP are present. However, the results are varying. The correlation between blood groups and PSP is yet unknown. In this study, we investigated the impact of altering weather conditions atmospheric pressure (AP), temperature, moisture, and wind velocity (WV) and blood groups on PSP.

Materials and Methods: Eighty-six patients PSP diagnoses who were under follow-up and treated in our clinic between 2007 and 2015 were included in our study. Patients’ data were retrospectively collected from hospital database patient files. The Regional Directorate of Meteorology provided data on weather conditions.

Results: The collected data was examined. According to the results, AP and WV had no significant impact on PSP. Regarding the air temperature, values were statistically significantly high (p = 0.019). When comparing with other blood groups, the blood group with the highest resistance to temperature was type-0. This result was statistically significant (p = 0.029).

Conclusions: In this study, we determined that temperatures above 15°C had an unexpected effect on the site of the PSP. Surprisingly, PSP risk was lower in patients with blood type-0 at high temperatures. We suggest that multicenter studies with a more extensive sample size should be conducted to fully understand the impact of air condition and blood type on PSP. Keywords : air condition, blood group, primary spontaneous pneumothorax