Current Thoracic Surgery 2019 , Vol 4 , Issue 1
A rare cause of mediastinal mass: tuberculosis
Kenan Can Ceylan1,Guntug Batıhan1,Seyda Ors Kaya1
1Department of Thoracic Surgery, Dr Suat Seren Chest Diseases and Surgery, Medical Practice and Research Center, University of Health Sciences, Izmir, Turkey DOI : 10.26663/cts.2019.00010 Viewed : 129 - Downloaded : 72 Neoplastic and non-neoplastic pathologies can cause lesions in the mediastinum. Bronchogenic cysts, germ cell tumors, lymphoma, lymph node hyperplasia, thymoma, thymic cysts, and thyroid masses tend to develop in mediastinal compartments. Tuberculosis would cause lymph node enlargement in many areas of the body but it is a very rare cause of mediastinal mass. We report a case of tuberculosis presenting with isolated, large middle mediastinal mass with high FDG uptake in PET/CT. We also present a short review of reported cases of mediastinal tuberculosis. Keywords : mediastinal mass, tuberculosis, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery