Current Thoracic Surgery 2023 , Vol 8 , Issue 1
Pulmonary hydatid cyst disease: a retrospective study
Kadri Ceberut
1Department of Thoracic Surgery, TOGU Medical School, Tokat, Turkey DOI : 10.26663/cts.2023.005 Viewed : 1922 - Downloaded : 532 Background: Although the disease progression can be silent, the pulmonary hydatid cyst (HC) may be considered a life-threatening disorder. The mainstay of pulmonary HC treatment is still surgical removal of the cyst. In the current study, we evaluated the results of surgery in patients with pulmonary HC.

Materials and Methods: Thirty pulmonary HC patients who underwent surgery between 2007 and 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. The symptoms, cyst features, surgical procedures, and postoperative findings were recorded. The patients were divided into two subgroups: complicated cyst hydatid (CHC) and simple hydatid cyst (SHC).

Results: Thirteen cases were diagnosed as complicated HC with rupture into the pleural or bronchial cavity (CHC group, 43.4%), whereas 17 cases (56.6%) involved intact cysts (SHC group). Cystotomy and capitonnage were performed in the majority of the patients (n = 24, 80.0%). No mortality was observed during the one-year follow-up period.

Conclusions: Surgical management is an effective and safe method for the treatment of pulmonary HC. Keywords : pulmonary hydatid cyst, complicated cyst, surgery, outcomes